Planet Venus Facts
The planet Venus is the second from the sun and the third brightest object in the sky after the sun and the moon. This planet is named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty.
Did you know, This is the only planet named after a female.
Venus is the hottest planet in our solar system and the second-largest terrestrial planet.
Venus Quick Facts
Diameter: 12,104 km
Mass: 4.87 × 10^24 kg (0.82 Earths)
Radius: 3,760 miles (6,052 kilometers)
Day: 243 Earth days
Year: 225 Earth days
Orbit Distance: 108,209,475 km (0.73 AU)
Orbit Period: 225 days
Surface Temperature: 462 °C
First Record: 17th century BC
Recorded By: Babylonian astronomers
Planet Type: Terrestrial
FACT 1. Venus is sometimes referred to as the Earth’s Twin Sister due to their similarities in their masses, sizes, and densities.
FACT 2. Nicknames of Venus are the Morning Star and the Evening Star.
FACT 3. Venus is designated by the symbol ♀.
FACT 4. Venus does NOT have any moons.
FACT 5. One day on Venus takes 243 Earth-days to complete one rotation because of its slow rotation on its axis.
FACT 6. A year on Venus lasts 225 Earth days.
FACT 7. Venus is like an Oddball because it rotates in the opposite direction from most other planets. It rotates East to West. This means that on Venus the Sun rises in the west and set in the east i.e opposite to our earth.
FACT 8. Venus has several mountains and volcanoes. It has over 1,600 volcanoes, the most of any planet within the solar system.
Did You Know?
” The Soviet Union’s Venera 13 survived the intense heat and crushing pressure of Venus’ surface for more than two hours. Engineers from several nations are currently studying methods to extend the life of robotic spacecraft in the extreme environment.(source)”
FACT 9. The highest mountain on Venus is Maxwell Montes. It is similar to Earth’s highest mountain, Mount Everest.
FACT 10. Venus is made up of a central iron core and rocky mantle that is similar to the composition of Earth.
FACT 11. Venus has a crushing carbon dioxide atmosphere 90 times as thick as Earth’s. There is almost no water vapor.
FACT 12. Venus has a thick atmosphere. It traps heat and makes Venus the hottest planet in the Solar system.
FACT 13. The surface temperatures on Venus can reach 864 degrees F(462 degrees C). Its high temperature would melt lead. That is why scientists call it a “runaway greenhouse effect.”
FACT 14. Venus has been visited by several spacecraft:
Mariner 2, Mariner 5, Mariner 10, Pioneer Venus 1, Pioneer Venus 2, and an orbiter called Magellan.