Parts of a Plant

Parts of a Plant and Their Functions

Let’s know about the parts of a plant. Plants are mainly classified into two parts:

  1. The Root System

  2. The Shoot System.

Parts of a Plant

➤ THE ROOT SYSTEM –  It is located below the ground, responsible for absorbing water and minerals from the soil as well as give firmness to the whole plant/tree. The root system includes organs such as the roots, tubers, and rhizomes

➤ THE SHOOT SYSTEM – It is located above the ground, helps plants make their food by the process of photosynthesis. The shoot system includes the organs such as stem, leaves, flowers (in the flowering plant), and fruits (if the plant has any).

Related Article:- Plant Life Cycle

✍ Different Parts of a Plant With Their Functions



The root is located below the ground. It helps to anchor the plant to the ground so it does not fall over. It absorbs water and nutrients from the soil and sends it to the stem. 

More about Root


Stem performs much vital work for the whole plant. They support the plant and held up towards the light. Stem acts like the plant’s transportation system.

It receives water and minerals from the root and distributes it among all other parts including leaves for the food processor with the help of Xylem tissue. Xylem tissue is used mostly for transporting water from roots to stems and leaves. 

And then stem transports food in the form of glucose produced from photosynthesis from leaves to other parts such as roots and stems with the help of Phloem tissue.

So, Transportation of fluids between the roots and shoots is done by the stem with the help of its tissue called xylem and phloem.

More about Stem


A leaf is usually green, flat lateral structure attached to a stem. The leaf is known as a plant food factory because it prepares food for the entire plant through the process of photosynthesis. Under this process, the leaves make glucose, or food, using sunlight, water, chlorophyll and carbon dioxide.

 Along with photosynthesis, the leaves do many other important tasks such as preventing the loss of water vapor from the plant, helping the plant breathe, storing food, etc.

More about Leaves


Flowers are the reproductive organ of flowering plants. It makes seeds, which become new plants. Along with reproduction, flowers are also a rich source of food for other living organisms such as insects, birds, animals and humans.

Related Article: Part of a Flower


A fruit is part of flowering plant which protect the seeds by covering it.


A seed is the reproductive part of a plant. It is the part of plant what we plant in the ground and from which a new plant grows.

Now its you turn – QUIZ TIME

Recommended site – BrainPop

Scroll to Top